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Desarrollos tecnológicos hacia el ciclo urbano del agua sostenible.
Riesgos y beneficios ambientales de la reutilización de aguas.
Efectos sobre los ecosistemas acuáticos.

English overview

Program: PROYECTO CENIT. SOSTAQUA by Fresh Water Ecology and Management Research Group (Universitat de Barcelona)
Region: Balsareny (Barcelona, Spain)  

Highlights/ Key Learnings: 

  • Se trata de un ecosistema artificial que recrea las condiciones naturales que se dan en un río.
  • Evaluar el efecto de una perturbación sobre el ecosistema fluvial a diferentes diluciones en un determinado contaminante. 
  • Esta instalación permite controlar las condiciones del ambiente, minimizando al máximo la influencia de factores ajenos al experimento y simular el impacto de diferentes tipos de vertidos.
  • Estudiar los efectos del vertido de sal sobre la comunidad de macroinvertebrados acuáticos.

More information:


Vast saline lands reclaimed by simple technologies in coastal and inland Asia

Program: CGIAR Challenge Program, on Water and Food
Region: Andes, Ganges, Limpopo, Mekong, Nile and Volta River Basins

Highlights/ Key Learnings: 

  • Considerable opportunities exist for diversification of rice-based systems in saline ecosystems. For example, integrating the use of ‘pressmud’ with salt tolerant rice varieties substantially improves rice productivity on sodic soils.
  • Given the complexity of farming systems and coexistence of multiple stresses in Asia, conventional approaches for introducing improved crop varieties have had limited success. Participatory Variety Selection, where farmers take part in varietal screening and adaptation testing, lead to accelerated adoption.

More information: http://www.thewaterchannel.tv/images/cgiarsalineshowcase.pdf


Is inland saline aquaculture a commercially viable proposition?

Program: Zeeuwse Tong Aquacultuur, by Zeeland Sole Council (Stichting Zeeuwsw Tong)
Region: Zeeland, The Netherlands

Highlights/ Key Learnings: 

  • Culturing sea organisms on land is a commercially viable proposition in low-lying areas faced with seawater intrusion. As a strategy to adapt to the imminent rise in sea levels and subsequent salinization, this could be more cost-effective than treating degraded land and persisting with normal agriculture.
  • Incorporating Multitrophic Aquaculture (MTA) could be key to designing a cost-effective, commercially viable production process. Under this process, the combination of cultured organisms is such that one organism's waste can be used as another one's food.
  • The experimental farm is in Zeeland, The Netherlands. But the process can be replicated across a variety of regional contexts. 

More information: 


Drain for Gain: Making water management worth its salt

Program: Doctoral Dissertation: submitted by Henk Ritzema to the UNESCO-IHE Institute for Hydrological Education, 2009
Region: Egypt, Pakistan, India

Highlights/ Key Learnings: 

  • To feed their growing populations, governments in large developing countries such as Egypt, Pakistan and India have invested a lot in irrigation systems.
  • Salt build-up over areas under planned irrigation is inevitable. Building effective drainage systems, therefore, should accompany irrigation development. Sub-surface drainage systems offer a varity of advantages over other available options.
  • However, drainage development lags behind irrigation development in most developing countries. Irrigation is considered a 'need of today,' drainage 'a problem of tomorrow.' 
  • Participatory Learning and Action, and Capacity Building are key to efforts aimed at scaling up drainage systems.

More information: 


Agricultural Land Drainage: A wider application through caution and restraint

Program: Lecture delivered by Roland Oosterban, at International Land Reclamation Institute, Wageningen, The Netherlands
Region: Guyana, Egypt, India, England

Highlights/ Key Learnings: 

  • In the long run, the cautious and restrained approach may be able to restore confidence in the drainage profession. Further, it may lead to relatively cheap and simple drainage projects that can, at least partly, be implemented, operated and maintained by the farming communities themselves

More information: 



Research programs by the United States Department of Agriculture Salinity Laboratory: http://www.ars.usda.gov/research/projects_programs.htm?modecode=53-10-20-00

Publications by Central Soil Salinity Research Institute, India: http://cssri.nic.in/tech_bulletins.htm

Salinity-related resources on ISRIC-World Soil Information: http://www.isric.org/search/node/salinity

(Book) Twentieth Century Soil Salinity Research in India: http://goo.gl/nNJeu

'Salinity' search results on the Global Forum for Agricultural Research: http://www.egfar.org/search/node/salinity

Status and New Developments on the Use of Brackish Water for Agricultural Production in the Near East: http://www.yemenwater.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/Yemen-Country-Report_Brackish-Water-Use.pdf 

The Role of Biosaline Agriculture in Coping with Water Scarcity in the WANA region (International Center for Biosaline Agriculture): http://www.slideshare.net/LauraHaddad1/taha-role-of-biosaline-agriculture 


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